The World Health Organisation (WHO) has named mosquitoes as the deadliest insects in the world, because of their ability to spread diseases like Malaria, Zika, Yellow Fever, Dengue and West Nile fever, Chikungunya and the Dog Heartworm.
Despite the number of Malaria cases globally falling by 18 perc ent from an estimated 262 million in 2000 to 214 million in 2015, Malaria alone caused 480,000 deaths worldwide in 2015, more than Ebola, Cholera, HIV/AIDS, war or famine.
According to the World Malaria report released by the WHO, Uganda is reported to have had a six fold increase in Malaria cases compared to those in 2012 and 2014 respectively.
Malaria is a big threat to maternal health because it is responsible for 15 percent of pregnancy related deaths.
Today, many health workers advise expectant mothers to continuously take anti-malarial medicines as a means of protecting the baby from being affected by the parasite, which could cause death.
Besides, the mosquito spreads the deadly Yellow Fever virus mostly common Yellow Fever in Africa because the mosquitoes usually breed in both the wild and around homes.
Increased contact between people and infected mosquitoes leads to increased transmission and many separate villages in an area can develop outbreaks at the same time.
A statement released by the World Health Organisation shows that the Zika Virus was first isolated from a rhesus monkey in Zika forest, Uganda in 1947, in mosquitoes (Aedes africanus) in the same forest in 1948 and in humans in Nigeria in 1954.
Research done by CNN world news, a cable and satellite television, showed that Brazil has been the most affected country as the Zika virus causes life-altering brain damage to women infected with Zika during their pregnancies; immune-compromised adults are dying of complications, and a Zika-triggered auto-immune disorder called Guillain-Barré attacks the nervous system, causing temporary paralysis, and even death.
Vector control is the main way to prevent and reduce malaria transmission. The proven most effective forms of vector control are sleeping under an insecticide-treated mosquito net, and indoor residual spraying.